"But it will also contribute to a better understanding of Mars, because understanding what happened to Mars may help us understand what is happening to our home - Earth - and how we can protect the atmosphere of Earth. VideoBeached: Can rescuers save this dolphin in time? Doctors expect 'Covid catastrophe' in Syria. "Space is a great model for international co-operation, regardless of our differences on Earth.". That was back when the atmosphere was thicker. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Philadelphia rocked by unrest after police shooting, Qatar to investigate 'invasive exams' of women, Komodo dragon photo sparks 'Jurassic Park' worries, Kazakhstan embraces Borat catchphrase 'very nice', Tear gas, smashed glass and anger. Mars has been the subject of many myths; you intend to separate science fact from science fiction as you step on the surface of the red planet. The United Arab Emirates is planning on launch a mission to Mars in five years as part of a bid to learn more about the red Planet, and also gain a place in the lucrative global space industry. In this way, it is designed as a catalyst for a new generation of Arab scientists and engineers, and as an anchor project for the growing science and space sectors. The probe will be a compact spacecraft the size and weight of a small car. VideoWhat is on the Moon? It will blast off in a launcher rocket, then detach and accelerate into deep space. Today, almost all of our understanding of climate comes from scientific studies of the atmosphere here on Earth. Three-quarters of the sales of space equipment - such as satellites and launch rockets - are to commercial customers such as television and communications companies and the UAE wants to gain a stake in this market. "The goal is unifying and inspiring young people in the UAE," says Dr al Ahbabi. © 2020 BBC. Studying the atmosphere on Mars will help scientists evaluate distant worlds for conditions that might support life. These models will help the global Mars science community to unlock more mysteries of the Red Planet, such as why its atmosphere has been decaying into space to the point that it is now too thin for liquid water to exist on the surface. Dubai, which is home to the Mars mission, is already well-known for extravagant, headline-grabbing projects such as building huge islands in the sea, and the world's tallest tower. Can it lead us to any better understanding of our own planet, or planets other than Mars? How is the UAE’s mission different from previous probes? "This is the first Arab and Islamic country which has stepped into space exploration," says Dr al Ahbabi. Its unique orbits and instruments will produce entirely new types of data that will enable scientists to build the first truly holistic models of the Martian atmosphere. The planet does have frozen water its polar ice caps, and .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}Nasa has recently found some evidence that liquid water flows at sub-surface levels intermittently on present-day Mars - but the planet is extremely arid when compared to Earth. For starters, the red planet isn’t even totally red! Scientists believe the atmosphere thinned to the point where Mars became so hot that almost all the water evaporated, the molecules escaping though the edge of the atmosphere into space. Browns, tans, golds, and flecks of green pop out as you scan the rocky, dusty, dune-laden landscape. The nation's rulers want to put the UAE at the forefront of scientific endeavour in the Arab world and recapture some of the spirit of the Golden Age of Islam when - in medieval times - the Middle East led the world in learning. The US's Space Foundation says the global space industry generates revenues of over $330bn a year. "Now, young Emiratis are desperate to work on this and to be part of this journey into space.". Dubai Airshow: In pictures, in the air and on the ground, Dubai Airshow: Crowded skies may limit airline growth, The United Arab Emirates reaches for the Red Planet, Biden hits new battleground, Trump blitzes Midwest. With the Mars satellite, the mission team is building all its high-technology imaging and navigation components from scratch, rather than buying them off-the-shelf from established manufacturers such as Boeing. Now, the air here (mostly carbon dioxide) is too wispy to support water or hold much heat. The Hope mission, also called the Emirates Mars Mission, was first announced in 2014 as a way to spur economic and technological development. Copyright @ 2020. It will study how the lower and upper layers of the atmosphere interact with each other. VideoDoctors expect 'Covid catastrophe' in Syria. Joe Biden blasts Donald Trump as a conman, while the president promises "economic survival". .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Kim Kardashian 'humbly' has 40th birthday party on private island.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Police officer raiding illegal cockfight gets killed by rooster2, US election: Biden hits new battleground, Trump blitzes Midwest3, Rapper Brian Trotter found dead in car after Florida highway crash4, Philadelphia rocked by fresh unrest after police shooting5, US election 2020: The five Senate races to watch6, Nxivm leader Keith Raniere sentenced to 120 years in prison7, Donald Trump setback in rape defamation case8, Qatar to investigate 'invasive' exams of women at Doha airport9, Coronavirus: Europe's daily deaths rise by nearly 40% compared with last week - WHO10. All rights reserved. This knowledge will also help space scientists to evaluate the atmospheres of thousands of newly discovered planets far across the galaxy, to determine which may have an atmosphere that could support extra-terrestrial life. Can this be seen as a renaissance of Arab science? 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. So this is another challenge.". The blueprints and science goals for the first Arab mission to Mars were revealed for the first time yesterday. The probe will orbit the Red Planet until at least 2023, with an option to extend the mission until 2025. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Mars has been the subject of many myths; you intend to separate science fact from science fiction as you step on the surface of the red planet. The Emirates Mars Mission will leave behind a major legacy on Earth, because the mission is being planned and managed in the UAE by a 100 per cent Emirati team. Mars is a valuable laboratory for atmosphere science because conditions there are very different. They are also making all the components, such as imaging equipment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers, solar panels, a star-tracker navigation system and the thrusters that will slow the craft down once it reaches Mars orbit. Fittingly, this project is being undertaken by the desert state of the United Arab Emirates. Astronomers peering at Mars in the 17th and 18th centuries saw signs of life everywhere. What will the UAE’s unmanned rocket look like, and how will it travel to Mars? By Jeremy HowellBusiness reporter, BBC News, Dubai. The Emirates Mars Mission is the first-ever Arab interplanetary mission. However, with a city as mercantile as Dubai as its base, there are also hard-headed commercial considerations behind the Mars mission. This is important not just for Mars and Earth, but also for the millions of other potentially habitable planets recently discovered in our galaxy. Mars only looks red from far away because of rusting iron minerals in the rocks and soil. At the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre in Dubai, a team of 75 engineers are building the satellite, which is roughly the size of a small car. For starters, the red planet isn’t even totally red! It will search for connections between today’s Martian weather and the ancient climate of the Red Planet. "There's a window of around two to three weeks - the launching window - if you miss that, you have to wait another two years," says the space agency's director general Dr Mohammed Naser al Ahbabi. It is a high-profile, but high-cost, way for the nation to enter the global space industry. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/space/mission-to-mars.html. This mission will produce the first truly global picture of the Martian atmosphere. The unmanned probe will leave Earth in 2020 on a mission designed to complement the science work of other missions and fill important gaps in human knowledge. It will then be able to market them to its customers of its own. You spot none of these features as your spaceship deploys its parachutes for touchdown on this cold desert world—but then you never expected to. They will learn for the first time how the atmosphere interacts with topography, from the highest volcano peaks to the vast deserts and the deepest canyons.

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