The speaker is the presiding officer of the House but does not preside over every debate. Any of the rules can be changed with each new Congress, but in practice each new session amends a standing set of rules built up over the history of the body in an early resolution published for public inspection. They may retire with reduced benefits at ages 55 to 59 after five years of service. ", "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives The House Floor", "About the Committee on Rules—History and Processes", "Refinery Bill Passes Amid Partisan Split", "Rules – Committee on Standards of Official Conduct", Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, Legislative information and archives for US House and Senate, A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825, Complete Downloadable List of U.S. Representative Contact Information, Information about U.S. Congressional Bills and Resolutions,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The FERS basic annuity, a monthly pension plan based on the number of years of service and the average of the three highest years of basic pay, Valelly, Richard M., “The Reed Rules and Republican Party Building A New Look,”, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 22:03.

Contact the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. House of Representatives

[1] In 1959, upon the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, the number was temporarily increased to 437 (seating one representative from each of those states without changing existing apportionment), and returned to 435 four years later, after the reapportionment consequent to the 1960 census. In some committees like Appropriations, partisan disputes are few. Both Houses must pass the same version of the bill; if there are differences, they may be resolved by a conference committee, which includes members of both bodies. The U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate make up the two chambers of Congress. [37] However, if members enroll in a health plan offered through a Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) exchange, they remain eligible for an employer contribution toward coverage, and members and designated staff eligible for retirement may enroll in a FEHBP plan upon retirement. Edmund Randolph's Virginia Plan called for a bicameral Congress: the lower house would be "of the people," elected directly by the people of the United States and representing public opinion, and a more deliberative upper house, elected by the lower house, that would represent the individual states, and would be less susceptible to variations of mass sentiment. However, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. The House is also served by several officials who are not members.

The Republican Revolution of 1994 took control of the House with Gingrich as Speaker.

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