Lincoln had spent the previous 4 months as de facto head of the Army himself until he found another commander, having earlier relieved McClellan of such duty. Select a subject to preview related courses: In the Confederacy, Robert E. Lee rose to become commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the largest and most successful of the Confederate forces.

Lee was a distinguished commander and when the war broke out he was immediately offered a position in charge of the entire army by Abraham Lincoln, as it happens. Served with the 6th Mass, then the 7th Connecticut Vols 9/61-1/65 rising, Rare view of Boy General Wesley Merritt by Goldin Washington. Grant served 2 terms as President and died in 1885 at the age of 63.

February 5, 1909: First Plastic Invented was called Bakelite!

The Union started the War with General Winfield Scott in charge, the 3rd Commanding General of the US Army, serving from 1841 to 1861, longer than any other US Army boss. Has the United States Totally Lost its Sense of Identity? Lee's main task was to prevent the Union from gaining access to the South, which he did for years despite consistently having lower numbers.

(Or so the story goes…)  Grant has been criticized for his tactics that led to carnage on the battlefield, but he was a practical commander that apparently knew what it took to achieve victory. Create an account to start this course today. - Definition, Summary & History, Articles of Confederation: Strengths & Weaknesses, World History 500-1650: Lesson Plans & Activities, World History 1600-1900: Lesson Plans & Resources, NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Help and Review, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, High School World History Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans, TExES English Language Arts and Reading/Social Studies 4-8 (113): Practice & Study Guide, MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide, Instructional Strategies for Teaching History, WEST History (027): Practice & Study Guide, The Civil War and Reconstruction: Certificate Program, History of the Vietnam War: Certificate Program, Western Civilization from 1648 for Teachers: Professional Development, Western Civilization to 1648 for Teachers: Professional Development, World Music & Art Lesson Plans & Activities, MTLE Elementary Education: Practice & Study Guide. However, many people are also obsessed with it simply because there was some really interesting military stuff that went on. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases via links in the “Historical Evidence” sections of articles.

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In 1864, Lincoln replaced the previous general-in-chief, Henry Halleck, and gave Grant nearly full authority over Union forces. After a year and a half of frustration at Halleck’s deliberateness and caution, an exasperated Lincoln (who referred to Halleck as “little more than a first rate clerk”) had had enough, and promoted Ulysses S. Grant to the top job as General-in-Chief in March of 1864, while Halleck stayed on active duty as Chief of Staff, and in that administrative role he served well in seeing to it that the Army was well supplied and equipped. Quiz & Worksheet - North & South Civil War Generals, Over 79,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, American Civil War Weapons: Facts & History, Battle at Fort Sumter: Summary, Facts & Map, The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed, Battle of Shiloh: Facts, Summary & Significance, The Battle of Shiloh: Conflict, Outcome & Generals Involved, US History - Civil War: Lesson Plans & Resources, Biological and Biomedical

Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Confederate Generals. The featured image in this article, an 1861 print by Currier & Ives of a group portrait of Union Army generals and Navy commanders, is available from the United States Library of Congress‘s Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID pga.04749. Known as ''Sherman's march to the sea,'' this destructive event terrified the South so much that the crucial port of Savannah was almost immediately surrendered. has thousands of articles about every Too old and infirm to lead in the field, Scott’s main contribution to the Union cause was to espouse the “Anaconda Plan,” a scheme of blockading Southern ports to cut off the Confederacy from arms and trade with other countries. See more ideas about Civil war, Civil war generals, American civil war.

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Following his military service, he worked as a police officer eventually earning the rank of captain prior to his retirement. (Note: The nickname, “Old Brains,” was used as a snide comment about Halleck and not as a compliment!).

In 1880, Grant ran again for the Republican nomination for President, but James Garfield was nominated instead.

However, through some interesting turns of events, by the end of his life, he had renounced the KKK and dedicated his final speeches to supporting racial harmony in the post-slavery South, leading him to be despised by his former racist allies.

This media file is in the public domain in the United States, which applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1924, and if not then due to lack of notice or renewal.
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On July 23, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln finally found a replacement for General George B. McClellan as General-in-Chief of the Union Army when he appointed General Henry W. Halleck. George B. McClellan was the next in line to command the Union Army, having already been promoted to Major General (at the time the highest rank any US general held) and having raised the Army of the Potomac.

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