The SIRTF in a Kennedy Space Center clean room. #SpitzerSpaceTelescope #SpaceTelescope #Astronomy\r\rWhat does the Spitzer Space Telescope do? Raytheon used indium antimonide and a doped silicon detector in the creation of the infrared detectors. [55], Reported in March 2016, Spitzer and Hubble were used to discover the most distant-known galaxy, GN-z11. Although in its "warm" mission, the spacecraft's passive cooling system kept the sensors at 29 K (−244 °C; −407 °F). The spacecraft is launched into a solar, Earth-trailing orbit, far enough away from the planet so Earth's radiation does not interfere with the cooling of the telescope. The crystals would have begun as non-crystallized, amorphous silicate particles, part of the mix of gas and dust from which the Solar System developed. The contest led to the telescope being named in honor of astronomer Lyman Spitzer, who had promoted the concept of space telescopes in the 1940s. Placing the satellite in solar orbit far from Earth allowed innovative passive cooling. [19] The far-infrared detectors (70-160 micrometers) were developed jointly by the University of Arizona and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using Gallium-doped Germanium. What is the TRAPPIST-1 system? The Spitzer Space Telescope took its place in the cosmos in 2003. It would be launched on the Space Shuttle and remain attached to the Shuttle as a Spacelab payload during astronomical observations, after which it would be returned to Earth for refurbishment prior to re-flight. [35] [1] This separation provided significantly different perspectives of the brown dwarf, allowing for constraints to be placed on some of the object's physical characteristics. On 3 June 2008, scientists unveiled the largest, most detailed infrared portrait of the Milky Way, created by stitching together more than 800,000 snapshots, at the 212th meeting of the American Astronomical Society in St. Louis, Missouri. Since then, many monthly press releases have highlighted Spitzer 's capabilities, as the NASA and ESA images do for the Hubble Space Telescope. It could be compared to trying to observe the stars in the optical at noon from a telescope built out of light bulbs. Starting in September 2006, the telescope participated in a series of surveys called the Gould Belt Survey, observing the Gould's Belt region in multiple wavelengths.
The solar panels were not fully illuminated at this angle, and this limited those communications to 2.5 hours due to the battery drain. [16][17], Spitzer is the only one of the Great Observatories not launched by the Space Shuttle, as was originally intended. Resulting from these observations, the team of astronomers led by Dr. Robert Gutermuth, of the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics reported the discovery of Serpens South, a cluster of 50 young stars in the Serpens constellation. All of these design choices combined to drastically reduce the total mass of helium needed, resulting in an overall smaller and lighter payload, resulting in major cost savings, but with a mirror the same diameter as originally designed.

However, the Spacelab-2 flight aboard STS-51-F showed that the Shuttle environment was poorly suited to an onboard infrared telescope due to contamination from the relatively "dirty" vacuum associated with the orbiters. The individual instruments were developed jointly by industrial, academic, and government institutions, the principals being Cornell, the University of Arizona, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Ball Aerospace, and Goddard Spaceflight Center. The advanced technology of Spitzer revealed a bright red hot spot in the middle of L1014. It would appear that such high speeds can arise only if the dust grains had been ejected by a bipolar outflow close to the star. An artist rendering of the Spitzer Space Telescope. It would have seemed ludicrous back then, but now it's an important part of what Spitzer does. Follow-up observation from ground-based near-infrared observatories detected a faint fan-shaped glow in the same location as the object found by Spitzer. [citation needed], Spitzer ran out of liquid helium coolant on 15 May 2009, which stopped far-IR observations. Artist's concept of the Spitzer Space Telescope.
The Spitzer space telescope was launched into space in August 2003 . The planned mission period was to be 2.5 years with a pre-launch expectation that the mission could extend to five or slightly more years until the onboard liquid helium supply was exhausted.

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